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Tomato

Ispahani "Hybrid Tomato"
 

A. Preparation for Seed Sowing
B. Mainland Preparation
C. Fertilizer Management
D. Pest & Diseases Management
E. Harvesting


A. Preparation for Seed Sowing

Hybrid varieties
  • Sonali, Rupali, Dipali, Chameli, Bornali, BARI Tomato 04,  BARI Tomato 08

Land and soil:
  • Tomato can be grown on a rather wide range of soils from sandy to clay.
  • PH 6.0- 7.0 
  • To obtain good fertile soil with efficient drainage and good water holding capacity should be selected.

Time of Sowing:
  • August–November is the best time of seed sowing for Rabi season.
  • March-June for Summer season


Seed treatment:
  • Seed treatment with Bio-derma powder works against seed-borne diseases.
  • In 1 kg seed 30 gm Bio-derma powder will be needed.

Seed Rate:
  • 100 gram seeds per Acre
  • The land should be ploughed properly followed by harrowing for breaking clods and properly levelled.
  • An ideal seedbed should be prepared by skill hand :
  • Length : 3 miter
  • Wide : 1 miter
  • Height : 15 cm
  • Bed to Bed distance : 50 cm
  • Rotten cow dung 25-30 kg, TSP 100 gm MOP 100 gm should be mixed with soil properly and 250 gm Bio-derma solid would be needed to control “Damping off” of seedling on an ideal seedbed

B. Mainland Preparation
Seedling Raising:
  • Tomato seedlings are raised in the nursery beds.
  • 10 gm seeds are need in ideal seedbed
  • Seed sown on seedbed in line –
  • Line to line : 3 cm
  • Seed to Seed : 2 cm
  • Depth : 0.25 - .50 cm
  • After 8-10 days seed germination, Seedling should be transplanted on other seedbed in line –
  • Line to line :  4 cm
  • Seedling to Seedling : 2.5 cm
  • Shade Preparation-
A shade should be prepared according to seedbed for shelter of seedling from direct sunlight and rainfall.
  • Sackcloth to be used for direct sunlight
  • Polythene to be used only for heavy rainfall

Land preparation:
  • Tomato should be planted in well pulverized field by ploughing first with soil turning plough and afterward with 4-5 ploughings.
  • Ploughing should be followed by laddering.
  • Farmyard manures/compost and basic dozes of fertilizers are incorporated into the soil during ploughing.
  • 90 cm bed should be made a distance of 30 cm drain with the help of spade and watered properly. The seedling should be planted on two lines in a bed at the evening.
  • Man height a polythene shade should be made on two beds for summer tomato.
  • A bio fungicide marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited “Bio-darma solid” should be use through mixing with rotten cow dung in the land for soil sanctifying.
  •  Before 7 days of transplanting of seedling Bio-darma solid would be mixed with soil fairly and 8-10 kg Bio-darma solid applied in 1 bigha (33 decimal) land

Seedling Transplanting:
  • By making 90 cm wide bed, the row to row distance will be 60 cm and seedling to seedling distance will be 50 cm.
  •  The Seedlings are transplanted when 25-30 days age.
  • Seedling should be transplanted 15 cm inner from both side of a bed.
  • At the time of seedling transplanting water should be applied by shower.
  • “A’’ type or flat trellis should be made after seedling transplanting
C. Fertilizer Management
  • Maintaining adequate quantities of nutrients in the soil is important to get good yield.
  • 7 to 8 tones / acre of FYM or compost are applied at the time of field preparation or one month before seedling transplanting. FYM should be mixed in soil properly.
  • Fertilizer should be applied kg per acre as follows.
Fertilizer Name Fertilizer dose (Kg/acre.) During Land Preparation 1st Top dressing 2nd Top dressing 3rd Top dressing
DAT DAT DAT
DAT : Days After Transplanting 15-20 30-35 50-55
Cow dung 8000 8000 - - -
Organic fertilizer 100 100 - - -
Urea 180 - 60 60 60
TSP 100 100 - - -
MOP 120 - 40 40 40
Gypsum 30 30 - - -
Zn Sulfate 4 4 - - -
Borax 4 4 - - -

Irrigation:
  • Tomato needs very careful irrigation which should be sufficient in right time but water logging should be avoided at all times during the crop growth.
  • Quality of fruits improves by optimum moisture supply during flowering and fruit setting.
  • Heavy irrigation after a long dry spell may result in fruit cracking..
D. Pest & Diseases Management

Insect management:
Tomato fruit borer:
Control Measures:
  • "Spodo Lure" pheromone marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited should be set in pheromone trap in the field before flowering.
  • 1 pheromone for 5 decimal land. "Spodo Lure" pheromone is effective for three months.

Jassids, Aphids:
Control Measures:
  • "Ecomec" marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited will be mixed with 1ml/liter water then spray it after 7 days of interval.
Disease management:
Damping off seedling
Control Measures:
  • "Bio-darma powder" marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited can be used to the infected crops.
  • 50 gm Bio-darma powder would be mixed with 16 liter water and sprayed at the bottom of the infected crops.
Fusarium Wilt:
Control:
  • "Bio-darma powder" marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited would be mixed with water fairly 3-4 gram per liter is sprayed immediately the affected area and on the plant.

E. Harvesting:
  • After 75-80 days of transplanting Ispahani hybrid tomato can be harvested.

Yield:
  • 30-35 ton per acre.

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Ispahani Building (7th Floor) 14-15, Motijheel C/A, Dhaka-1000

Telephone: 0088 02 9553193, PABX: 02 9555192-5, FAX: 02 9565319

Email: info@ispahaniagro.com, Website: www.ispahaniagro.com