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Cucumber

Hybrid Cucumber
 

A. Preparation for Seed Sowing 
B. Mainland Preparation
C. Fertilizer Management 
D. Pest & Diseases Management 
E. Harvesting 


A. Preparation for Seed Sowing 
 Hybrid varieties:
  • Nayantara
  • Good luck
  • Thai Green
  • Ever green

Soil & climate type:

  • Cucumber can be cultivated in all types of soil. But fertile loam, sandy loam and clay loam soil is better for Cucumber cultivation.
  • The soil must be free from flooding and land should be under sunshine all day long.
  • Hot and humid weather leads to good growth.
  • Pollen may be disrupted due to excessive rainfall.
Seed rate:
  • Direct Sowing : 0.3 – 0.4 kg/acre
  • Seedling transplanting : 0.2 kg/acre
Seed treatment:
  • Seed treatment with Bio-derma powder works against seed-borne diseases.
  • In 1 kg seed 30 gm Bio-derma powder will be needed.
Time of sowing:
    • February to March for the kharif (summer) season.
    • August-September for the rabi (winter) season and
Polybag preparation:
  • Rotten cow dung and compost 25-30 kg, TSP 100 gm MOP 100 gm should be mixed with 10 cft (3ʹ x 9ʹ x 4.5ʺ) soil properly and  250 gm Bio-derma solid would be needed to control “Damping off” of seedling.
  • Above mixed soil have to be filled up in   4ʺ x  3ʺ polybag.

B. Mainland Preparation
Seedling Raising:
  • Only one sprouted Seed sown in the soil of polybag –
  • Depth : 1.0 -2.0 cm
  • Shade Preparation-
A shade should be prepared on polybag for shelter of seedling from direct sunlight and rainfall.
  • Sackcloth to be used for direct sunlight
  • Polythene to be used only for heavy rainfall
Land Preparation:
  • The land should be ploughed 4-6 times properly followed by harrowing for breaking clods and properly leveled.
  • One month before seedling transplanting of the vegetable, farm yard manure (FYM) should be applied and completely mixed with soil.
  • 1.5 meter bed should be made a distance of 50 cm wide and 15 cm depth drainage channels with the help of spade and watered properly. The seedling should be planted on two lines in a bed at the evening.
  • A bio fungicide marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited “Bio-darma” should be use through mixing with rotten cow dung in the land for soil sanctifying.
  • Before 7 days of transplanting of seedling Bio-darma solid would be mixed with soil fairly and 8-10 kg Bio-darma solid applied in 1 bigha (33 decimal) land.
Seed Sowing or Seedling Transplanting:
Cucumber cultivate in two way-
1) Seedling Transplanting and
2) Seed direct sowing
  1. Seedling Transplanting:
  • By making 1.5 meter wide bed, the row to row distance will be 1.0 m and seedling to seedling distance will be 0.75 m.
  • The Seedlings are transplanted when 15 to 20 days age or seedling of 3-4 leaves.
  • Seedling should be transplanted 25 cm inner from both side of a bed.
 
  1. Method of direct Seed sowing:
  • The seeds are soaked in water over night before sowing for better germination.
  • The seed is sown by dibbling method at a spacing of
  • Line to Line 1.0 m
  • Plant to Plant 0.75 m.
  • Seed should be sown 25 cm inner from both side of 1.5 meter wide bed.
  • Generally 2 (two) sprouted seeds are sown in a pit at 2.0 to 1.5 cm depth.
  • All seedlings will be removed rest only one healthy seedling from a pit after 3-4 true leaves.
C. Fertilizer Management 
  • The fertilizer doses to be applied depend on variety, fertility of soil, climate and season of planting.
  • Fertilizer should be applied kg per acre as follows.
Fertilizer Name Fertilizer dose (Kg/acre.) During Land Preparation 1st Top dressing 2nd Top dressing 3rd Top dressing
DAT/ DAS DAT/DAS DAT/DAS
DAT/S : Days After Transplanting/Sowing 7-10/20-25 20-25/35-40 35-40/50-55
Cow dung 6000 6000 - - -
Organic fertilizer 100 100 - - -
Urea 60 - 20 20 20
TSP 70 70 - - -
MOP 80 20 20 20 20
Gypsum 40 40 - - -
Zn Sulfate 5 5 - - -
Borax 4 4 - - -
  • The fertilizer is applied in a ring at 6-7 cm from the base of the stem. It is better to complete all the fertilizer applications just before the fruit set.

D. Pest & Diseases Management 
Pest Management:
  1. Fruit fly: About 50-70 percent fruit become damaged from the attack of fruit fly which is not possible to manage fully by the use of insecticides. At first eggs are laying into the fruit and then larvae damage inside the fruits.
Control: For control Cucurbit Fruit fly "Q-phero" marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited should be set in the field within 1-2 week after sowing seeds or transplanting. Insects take preparation to attack before flowering, so preventive measure should be taken before flowering stage.
Dosage: Pheromone trap would be set on land with a distance of 10-12 meter in a square. For every 3 decimal of land 1 trap would be used. A lure remains effective till to 3 months.
  1. Sucking insect- Thrips:
Sucking pest affect the growth of trees by eating the juice of the leaves and helps virus to attack in the plant
Control: "Ecomec" marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited will be mixed with 1ml/liter water.
 
  1. Pumpkin And Epilachna beetle:
In the seedling stage Pumpkin & Epilachna beetle eat the middle part of leaf’s vain.
Control:
"Ecomec" marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited will be mixed with 1ml/liter water.

Diseases Management:
  1. Powdery Mildew :
Symptom :  First appear as round white spots on the under-surface of the older leaves. The spots enlarge, increase in number, coalesce, appear on the upper surface of the leaves and eventually cover both surfaces. The fungus also attacks the stems.
  1. Downy mildew :
Symptom :  The fungus attacks only the leaves and appear as yellow to reddish- brown spots on the under surface of the leaves. The purplish spores appear on the lower surface. It is prevalent in areas of high humidity, especially when summer rains occur regularly.
Powdery and downy mildew Control: "Bio-darma powder" marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited would be mixed with water fairly 3-4 gram per liter and sprayed immediately the affected area and on the plant.
  1. Fusarium Wilt: Initially the plants show temporary wilting symptoms, which become permanent and progressive, affecting more vines. The leaves of the affected plants show yellowing, loose turgidity and show drooping
Control: "Bio-darma powder" marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited would be mixed with water fairly 3-4 gram per liter and sprayed immediately at bottom in the affected area and on the plant.

E. Harvesting 
Harvesting:
  • After 35-40 days of seed sowing of Ispahani hybrid cucumber can be harvested.
Yield:
  • 26-30 ton per acre.

 

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Ispahani Building (7th Floor) 14-15, Motijheel C/A, Dhaka-1000

Telephone: 0088 02 9553193, PABX: 02 9555192-5, FAX: 02 9565319

Email: info@ispahaniagro.com, Website: www.ispahaniagro.com