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Okra

Hybrid Okra
 

A. Preparation for Seed Sowing 
B. Mainland Preparation
C. Fertilizer Management 
D. Pest & Diseases Management 
E. Harvesting 



A. Preparation for Seed Sowing 
Hybrid varieties
  • Top Star
  • Madhuri
  • Marvelous OK-1820
  • Vendi No. 01
  • Super Vendi
Land and soil:
  • Okra can be grown on a rather wide range of soils from sandy to clay.
  • PH 6.0- 7.0  
  • To obtain good fertile soil with efficient drainage and good water holding capacity should be selected.
Time of Sowing:
Year round
  • February - March is the best time
  • August–September
Seed treatment:
  • Seed treatment with Bio-derma powder works against seed-borne diseases.
  • In 1 kg seed 30 gm Bio-derma powder will be needed.
Seed Rate:
  • 2.0 – 2.5 kg seeds per Acre

B. Mainland Preparation

Land preparation:

  • The land should be ploughed properly followed by harrowing for breaking clods and properly leveled.
  • Okra should be planted in well pulverized field by ploughing first with soil turning plough and afterward with 4-5 ploughings.
  • Ploughing should be followed by laddering.
  • Farmyard manures/compost and basic dozes of fertilizers are incorporated into the soil during ploughing.
  • 90 cm bed should be made a distance of 30 cm drain with the help of spade and watered properly. The seeds should be sown on Two lines in a bed at soil good condition.
  • A bio fungicide marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited “Bio-darma solid” should be use through mixing with rotten cow dung in the land for soil sanctifying.
  • Before 7 days of seed sowing Bio-darma solid would be mixed with soil fairly and 8-10 kg Bio-darma solid applied in 1 bigha (33 decimal) land
Seed Sowing :
  • The seeds are soaked in water over night before sowing for better germination.
  • The seed is sown by dibbling method at a spacing of
  • Line to Line 60 cm
  • Plant to Plant 45 cm.
  • Seed should be sown 15 cm inner from both side of 90 cm wide bed.
  • Generally 2-3 wet seeds are sown in a pit at 1.0 t0 1.5 cm depth.
  • All seedlings will be removed rest only one healthy seedling from a pit after 3-4 true leaves.
C. Fertilizer Management:  
  • Maintaining adequate quantities of nutrients in the soil is important to get good yield.
  • 7 to 8 tones / acre of FYM or compost are applied at the time of field preparation or one month before seedling transplanting. FYM should be mixed in soil properly.
  • Fertilizer should be applied kg per acre as follows.
Fertilizer Name Fertilizer dose (Kg/acre.) During Land Preparation 1st Top dressing 2nd Top dressing 3rd Top dressing
DAT DAT DAT
DAT : Days After Transplanting 15-20 30-35 50-55
Cow dung 8000 8000 - - -
Organic fertilizer 100 100 - - -
Urea 75 - 25 25 25
TSP 100 100 - - -
MOP 60 20 20 20 -
Gypsum 40 40 - - -
Zn Sulfate 4 4 - - -
Borax 4 4 - - -

Irrigation:
  • Okra needs very careful irrigation which should be sufficient in right time but water logging should be avoided at all times during the crop growth.
  • Quality of fruits improves by optimum moisture supply during flowering and fruit setting.
  • Heavy irrigation after a long dry spell may result in fruit cracking & dropping
D. Pest & Diseases Management:

Pest management:
  1. Okra fruit borer:
Control Measures:
  • "FB Lure" pheromone marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited should be set in pheromone trap in the field before flowering.
  • 1 pheromone for 5 decimal land. "FB Lure" pheromone is effective for three months.
  1. Jassids, Aphids:
Control Measures:
  • "Ecomec" marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited will be mixed with 1ml/liter water then spray it after 7 days of interval.
Disease management:
  1. Fruit rot /Anthracnose
Control Measures:
  • "Bio-darma powder" marketed by Ispahani Agro Limited can be used to the infected crops.
  • 50 gm Bio-darma powder would be mixed with 16 liter water and sprayed at the bottom of the infected crops.
E. Harvesting:

After 40-45 days of seed sowing Ispahani hybrid okra can be harvested.

Yield:  18-22 ton per acre.
 

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Ispahani Building (7th Floor) 14-15, Motijheel C/A, Dhaka-1000

Telephone: 0088 02 9553193, PABX: 02 9555192-5, FAX: 02 9565319

Email: info@ispahaniagro.com, Website: www.ispahaniagro.com